On Tuesday 9 May 2023, the Northern Territory Treasurer Eva Lawler handed down her inaugural Budget, outlining a record $2.1b spend on infrastructure for the coming year, along with significant investments in housing and public order and safety.

The proposed spending will result in an increased deficit of $1.13b, pushing out the timetable for a return to surplus to 2026-27 – still two years ahead of the Fiscal Strategy Panel’s 2028-29 target.

The NT Government remains committed to its target of a $40b economy by 2030, but with this relying on several major projects that are yet to get off the ground, the latest forecast will see the NT Government likely to still be around $13b shy of that target by 2027. 

Unemployment is forecast to average 4.2 per cent through 2023-24, slightly higher than the current rate of 3.8 per cent. Inflation in the Territory peaked in the December 2022 quarter at a 32 year high of 7.1 per cent, however this has softened substantially in recent quarters and forecasted to fall to 3.8 per cent by the end of 2023. Net debt is expected to rise from $6.6b to an estimated $7.8b in 2026-27.


Key highlights

  • $2.11b on infrastructure including $215m for road construction to support gas projects, $178m for the Tanami Highway, $165m for the Tiger Brennan Drive overpass and $515m ongoing for the planned Darwin ship lift facility.
  • $100m over three years for NT hospitals, which includes $37.3m for upgrades at Darwin, Alice Springs and Gove hospitals, and $48.7m for a new ward at Royal Darwin Hospital.
  • Almost $1b towards housing programs with $842m for remote and urban housing, $104m for land releases in Darwin, Katherine, Alice Springs and Tennant Creek, and $19m for flexible accommodation infrastructure in Tennant Creek.
  • $145m for the Civic and State Square redevelopment, including a new art gallery.
  • $65m over four years to progress Aboriginal Justice Agreement.
  • Cost of living measures including a 2.7 per cent increase to utility tariffs (putting it below CPI) and $40.6m to support seniors through concessions on several essential goods.
  • $35.6m over two years for tourism marketing.
  • $7.3m over two years for a renewable remote power program, including hydrogen trials.
  • $5.4m over two years to progress electricity market reforms.


Revenue Measures

Total revenue is projected to remain largely stable, averaging $8.29b per annum over the forward estimates. GST revenue, the Territory’s largest revenue source, is expected to increase from $3.98b in 2022-23 to $4.37b in 2026-27, an average growth of 2.5 per cent per annum.

Taxation and mining royalties are expected to remain stable averaging $1.02b per annum, balanced between a reduction in mining royalties as mature mines approach end of life and inflationary pressures increasing operating costs, and a growth in taxation revenue from $674m in 2022-23 to $720m by 2026-27, an average growth of 1.7 per cent per annum in line with expected economic activity. Payroll tax is forecast to grow 8 per cent to $261m, reflecting anticipated employment and wages growth.

Abolition of duty on non-land assets

The headlining revenue measure from the 2023-24 Budget is the introduction of the Stamp Duty Amendment Bill 2023, which provides for the abolition of stamp duty on non-land property. As a result, stamp duty in the Northern Territory is no longer payable in respect of the conveyance of:

  • Non-land property including goodwill, business names, trademarks, licences, and other intangible property; and
  • Chattels, when transferred with a lease that has nil or nominal dutiable value.

The conveyance of chattels together with an interest in land will remain subject to duty. Likewise, land and buildings and mining and petroleum interests will continue to be subject to duty in the Northern Territory.

The new changes will apply from 9 May 2023. Transitional provisions will also apply in relation to agreements or options entered into before 9 May 2023.

The Northern Territory Government is expected to forego approximately $3m per annum of stamp duty revenue as a result of the changes, which, as far as State Budgets go, is relatively low. In contrast, the economic benefits which should result from the changes, in the form of reduced ‘red tape’ for business conveyances and improved certainty for the resources industry, are expected to far outweigh the cost to the Northern Territory.

Other budget announcements include:

  • The Stamp Duty Amendment Bill 2023 will abolish stamp duty previously imposed on the transfer of licenses under the Fisheries Act 1988.
  • Funding has been allocated to the Mineral Development Taskforce to make recommendations on the Northern Territory’s resource sector including policy ideas to incentivise mining investment and options for the future of the mineral royalty scheme.

If you wish to discuss the Northern Territory Budget announcements, please reach out to a Grant Thornton Partner today.

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